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Aurangabad

INTRODUCTION
Aurangabad is globally known as a favorite tourist destination because of its proximity to the Ajanta and Ellora caves, Aurangabad serves as a major tourist hub that offers to visit some of the most important attractions around it. Also, as a city, Aurangabad attract with its culture and lifestyle, offering selective tourists a wide range of hospitality. Aurangabad is titled “City of Gates” and the strong presence of these can be seen in drives through the city. The City was founded in 1610 by Malik Amber which in the year 2010 completed 400 years. Aurangabad is the 4th largest and smarter City in Maharashtra.

It is recently declared the ‘Tourism Capital of Maharashtra’, Aurangabad is an important hub in the state’s tourism sector due to its close connection to such tourist destinations as caves of Ajanta and Ellora which have been declared ‘World Heritage Sites’ by UNESCO and as well as the famous Mughal monument Bibi ka Maqbara. One of the fastest growing cities in Maharashtra, it is also emerging as a prime industrial city. The city is linked with Mumbai by air, rail and road and an excellent road network connects Aurangabad with the rest of the state. Apart from Ajanta and Ellora, the city also serves as a transit point for Pitalkhora, Daulatabad, Khultabad, Paithan and Shirdi. Aurangabad is Also an industrial town as well as district in Maharashtra and was named after the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Aurangabad is also an important pilgrimage centre for Hindus as the Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga is located just 30 km away from the main town. Apart from showcasing the era of Mughals, this place is also beautiful as it has two of the most famous rivers of central India, Godavari & Tapi namely. Aurangabad is also famous for its hand-woven Himroo and Paithani Sarees, its markets and colourful crowded bazaars.

Aurangabad Tourism

NAMING OF AURANGABAD
When the Malik Amber founded the city and makes it his capital, its name was Khadki. Malik Amber was the prime minister of Murtaza Nizam Shah of Ahmednagar. In a decade Khadki grows as a populous and remarkable city. He died in 1626 after his death his son Fateh Khan succeeded him and change the name Khadki to Fatehnagar. Nizam shahi was ended in 1603with the capture of Daulatabad and Fatehnagar by imperial troop of Mughals. In 1653 When the Mughal Prince Aurangjeb was again appointes as the viceroy of deccan, He make Fatehnagar as his capital and renamed it Aurangabad.

HISTORY
In 1724 a turki general Asif Jah and a Nizam ul Mulk of Mughals in the Deccan region decided to quit Mughal empire and founded it as his capital but his son shifted capital in Hyderabad in 1763. After the Maratha victory in Kharda Battle this city came under the Maratha rulers. It was lasted to 8 eight years in Maratha rule and city came undert the Nizams of Hyderabad in the protection of British East India Company. In the British Raj period City was known as Aurangabad. It was a part of Hydrabad state till independence. Until its annexation into the Indian Union after the Indian independence in 1947, and thereafter a part of Hyderabad state of India until 1956. In 1956 it became a part of newly formed bilingual Bombay state and in 1960 it became a part of Maharashtra state.

LOCATION
Aurangabad lies in northern region of Maharashtra state. It is in western region of India. Aurangabad is a popular tourism city of India due to presence of large number of tourist attractions within city and surrounding to it. Aurangabad location is such that it lies in East of holy city Nashik and North-East of Mumbai city. Road connectivity from both cities are very good. Other Central India tourist attractions like Indore, Burhanpur, Omkareshwar, Maheshwar, Mandu lies in North of Aurangabad city.

HOW TO REACH
Aurangabad lies at Northern region of Maharashtra state in West India. Due to presence of UNESCO World Heritage sites Ajanta caves and Ellora caves, large number of tourists, visit Aurangabad. Here tourism goes on throughout the year. Due to its popularity among tourists, large number of tourists visit Aurangabad as it is the largest city nearby these caves. It is also having good number of hotels in different categories. This has made Aurangabad as hotspot city of Maharashtra and thus its connectivity with rest of the world is very good and still improving. Aurangabad is the nearest airport with good flights connectivity option. Similarly its road and flight connectivity is also very good which make it best option to visit its surrounding tourist places like Daulatabad fort, Shirdi, Nanded, Ajanta caves, Ellora caves etc. Let us check how to reach Aurangabad by various means of transports: By Air: Aurangabad city have its own popular airport, having good flight connectivity. Its airport name is Chikkalthana airport (Code: IXU). It is having flight connectivity with Hyderabad, Mumbai, Delhi etc.

DISTANCE CHART
LOCATION MAP
From
Distance
(in Kms)
Ajanta Caves 120
Ellora Caves 30
Daulatabad Fort 20
Grishneshwar Temple 30
Burhanpur 230
Omkareshwar 350


By Train:
Aurangabad city have its own railway station called Aurangabad station, having good trains connectivity. All important trains have stoppage here. From Aurangabad railway station, we can have direct train connectivity for Jalgaon, Burhanpur, Bhopal, Itarsi, Jhansi, Gwalior, Agra, Mathura, Delhi, Amritsar, Ambala, Mumbai, Manmad etc.

By Road:
Aurangabad is well connected by road options. It is having good road connectivity from Mumbai, Pune, Hyderabad, Nagpur, Jalgaon, Indore, Manmad, Ajanta Caves, Ellora Caves etc. From here, we are operating tourist taxi service with which tourists can visit Aurangabad tourist places and its surrounding tourist destinations like Ajant-Ellora caves, Daulatabad fort, Grishneshwar temple, Nashik, Burhanpur, Omkareshwar, Indore, Maheshwar etc.

TOURISM
Aurangabad tourism is very much popular among tourists. Here we can find tourists coming from many countries like Italy, Spain, Britain, Germany etc. Aurangabad tourism revolves around different tourism dimensions like caves tourism, heritage tourism, pilgrimage, cultural tourism etc. Here we can find popular tourism attractions within city or surrounding to it. Being located in Norther region of Maharashtra state, Aurangabad is more close to Central India tourism and thus it is well clubbed with Central India tourist attractions. Let us check some of the popular tourist attractions within and surrounding to city.
Ajanta Caves:The historical caves of Ajanta are situated at a distance of 6.5 kilometers from Fardapur, a village that is 101 kilometers in the northern of Aurangabad and just 55 kilometers from Jalgaon. There is a regular bus service to the caves up to the T-Junction which is 4 kilometers short of the caves. Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation (MTDC) offers accommodation in resorts near this junction and semi-luxury and regular accommodation at Fardapur. There are 30 Buddhist caves at Ajanta out of which five are ‘chaityagrihas’ and the rest ‘viharas’. These caves, dated from 2ndcentury BCE to 6thcentury CE are adorned with beautiful sculptures and paintings. Ajanta is located on an ancient trade route known in historic literature as ‘Dakshinapatha’. Most of the donors at Ajanta, especially of the earlier caves, were traders. The site received support from the mightiest donor during its second phase and that was the royal patronage of the Vakatakas. Ajanta is known for its narrative murals based on Buddhist themes like life scenes from the Buddha, Avadana stories of Bodhisattva, Jataka stories and panels based on Mahayana themes from Vaipulya Sutras.
Ellora Caves:One of the most fascinating archaeological sites in Maharashtra, Ellora dates back to the Rashtrakuta dynasty, about 1,500 years ago, and it is the epitome of Indian rock-cut architecture. The 34 caves are actually structures excavated out of the vertical face of the hills of Charanandriand you will find here evidence of Buddhist, Hindu and Jain ‘viharas’ and ‘mathas’ which tell the story of how social and economic order was often represented through religion. The caves of Ellora are located 31 kilometers from Aurangabad. The closest government guesthouse near Ellora is in Khuladabad on the way from Aurangabad.
Aurangabad Caves: These caves are essentially 12 Buddhist shrines, which are prominent examples of the famed rock-cut architecture in India. Located a mere two kilometers away to the north from Bibi-ka-Maqbara, the Aurangabad caves are highly understated. Not too far away from the ancient caves of Aurangabad, the ones at Ajanta and Ellora have received stellar attention. The cave temple of Aurangabad cut between 6th – 7th centuries. It is nine kms from Aurangabad city centre.
Bibi Ka Maqbara: It is the mausoleum, In the memory of Aurangzeb’s wife named Dilras Bano begum. It is also known as mini Taj due to its resemblance with Taj. An inscription found on the main entrance door mentions that this mausoleum was designed and erected by Ata-ullah, an architect and Hanspat Rai, an engineer respectively. Ata-ullah was the son of Ustad Ahmed Lahori the principal designer of the Taj Mahal.
Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga :It is one of the 12 Jyotrlinga shrines, spread over India. It is a famous Hindu prilimage. Temple is mainly constructed by Red rocks. In the temple there are varving of other god and goddesses. As per belief, a devotee of Lord Shiva found a treasure in a snake pit and devoted all the money to build the temple. But it was built by Ahilya bai Holkar. Devotees believe that worshipping this Jyotirlinga is equal to the worship all the other and the Lord will take away all their sufferings. The Skand Puran says that once when Lord Shiva was upset with Devi Parvati, he came here and she took the form of a tribal girl to the Lord.
Daulatabad Fort: Fort was built in 11th century. It is located on hill top. Daulatabad is also known as Devgiri. It is about 16 kms north to Aurangabad. However it is also considered to be one of the seven wonders of Maharashtra and a developing tourist spot. The historical triangular fort of Daulatabad was built by first Yadav king Bhilan in 1187. Mohammed Bin Tuglaq was the first owner of this fort. He forced the people to shift the capital from Delhi to Daulatabad. He also gave the name Daulatabad. But the people, after two years, abandoned it due to lack of water. The fort is 200 meters high and stands on a conical hill.
Anwa Temple:Anwa temple is located 10 km away from Golegaon near Aurangabad in Maharashtra. The main deity of the temple is Lord Shiva, and the temple takes away to 12th century. It has a sanctuary and a mandap with decorative pillars. Anwa is a small village on the main road leading from Aurangabad to the Ajanta Caves.

BEST TIME TO VISIT
Ajanta caves are open throughout the year for tourists but closed on Every Monday. In any season of the year you can visit these caves. It has been observed that from October to April, tourists presence is more than other times of year due to good climatic condition and weather. Here Winter prevails from November to January and Summer season can be observed from March to June in which temperature touches more than 40°C in day time. Monsoon season is from June end to October. Here impact of Summer & Monsoon season is more than Winters due to which tourists prefers to visit during Winters till Autumn. According to convenience and wish, tourists can visit in any season of year.

CLIMATE & WEATHER
Aurangabad climate is basically hot. It lies in Deccan plateau of Western India which is know for its hot climatic conditions. Here rainfall is average and region is more rocky due to which in day-time, temperature rises swiftly. Here we can experience summers from March to June months when temperature reaches 45°C and heat waves prevails. Arabian sea monsoon reaches usually in June end and from July to September, we may expect rainfall. Winters can be experience from December to February months. Temperature drops in evening to morning hours but with sun-rise, it again rises.

NEXT TO AURANGABAD
After completing Aurangabad city tour, tourist have many option to visit as city is surrounded by many popular tourist places like Daulatabad fort, Ellora caves, Ajanta Caves, Grishneshwar temple, Nashik, Nanded, Shani Shingnapur, Burhanpur, Omkareshwar, Maheshwar etc.
RELATED LINKS
Ajanta Caves Ellora Caves Omkareshwar
Indore Tourism Aurangabad Taxi Service Maharashtra Taxi Service


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