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Chittorgarh

INTRODUCTION
Chittorgarh is a well known historical city of Indian State Rajasthan. Chittorgarh is famous for his Fort too. It lies on the Bearch River, tributary of Banas. It was former capital of Sisodia Rajputs Dynasty of Mewar. Chittorgarh is home to the Chittorgarh Fort, the largest fort in Asia. Chittorgarh is one of the ancient cities in the region. This place is quite popular among the tourists all round the world due to its historical as well as cultural values. Moving in and around the city, one will find the thumbprints of Rajput tradition. Chittorgarh is known to have contributed to numerous folk tales and fables. Chittorgarh resonates with stories of Rajputana bravery, pride and passion. The bards of Rajasthan sing tales of courage and sacrifice recounting stories that are known to every child and adult in the city. Chittorgarh is named after its most imposing structure, the Chittorgarh Fort which stands atop a 180 meter high hill and is spread across 700 acres. Chittorgarh fort has a long history from the time it was built. The fort had been siege by many rulers. The warriors fought the enemy bravely while the women performed jauhar (mass-suicide) so that they cannot be taken away by the enemy.

Chittorgarh-tourism

HISTORY
It is said that Chittorgarh was founded by the Pandava warrior Bhima. It is a place which shows the perfect blend of beauty, love, grace and courage. The fort is surrounded by a circular wall which has seven huge gates before one can enter the main fort area. When you are about to enter the city, you will be fascinated by the seven huge entries namely Bhairon Pol, Lakshman Pol, Padan Pol, Hanuman Pol, Jorla Pol, Ganesh Pol and the foremost royal gate known as Ram Pol. The city is also known as Chittor, Chittaur and Chittur. There are many legends related to Chittorgarh. Some of them say that Chittorgarh was previously called Chitrakut and was ruled by Moris while the other says that Chitraranga built the fort and so was named Chittorgarh. There is also a legend in which it is stated that Bhima, brother of Yudhishthir, struck the ground which became a large reservoir of water and now it is called Bhimtal Kund.

Bappa Rawal – Bappa Rawal was the founder of Mewar Kingdom. It is said that he seized fort from the Mori Dynasty and make it his kingdom in 734 AD. But there folklore also said that Bappa Rawal received it as a part of the dowry after marriage with the last Solanki princess. After that date his descendants ruled Mewar, which stretched from Gujarat to Ajmer, until the 16th century. But during these eight centuries the apparently safe Chittor was surrounded, overrun, and sacked three times. Chittorgarh was one of the most fiercely contested seats of power in India, with its formidable fortifications. Chittor was remained capital till 834 years.

Allauddin Khilzi – In 1303 Allauddin khilji, Sultan of Delhi, captured the Chittorgarh. Common tales are famous about that after hearing about matchless beauty of the Padmini, Rani of Chittor, decided to verify this himself. His armies surrounded Chittor, and the sultan sent a message to Rana Ratan Singh, who was the Padmini's husband, to say that he wants to met rani and would spare the city if he could meet its famous queen. The compromise finally reached was that the sultan could look upon Padmini's reflection if he came unarmed into the fort. Accordingly, the sultan went up the hill and glimpsed a reflection of the beautiful Padmini standing by a lotus pool. He thanked his host who courteously escorted Allauddin down to the outer gate-where the sultan's men waited in ambush to take the Rana hostage. It was recaptured by the young Hamir Singh in 1326, a descendant of Gehlot Clan. The dynasty fathered by him came to be known by the name Sisodia after the village where he was born.

Rana Kumbha – Rana Kumbha (1433–68) was a multi talented man. He was a brilliant poet, and musician. He built Mewar up to a position of unconquerable military strength, building a chain of thirty forts that surrounds the kingdom. But more important is that Rana Kumbha was a sponser of the arts to rival Lorenzo de' Medici, and he made Chittorgarh a dazzling cultural center whose fame spread beyond the border of Hindustan. Rana Udaysimha and Rana Raimal - Rana Udaysimha, also known as Rana Udai Singh I, attained the throne in 1468 by killing his father but the assassination was not liked by the people so Rana Raimal attained the throne in 1473. Rana Raimal died in 1509. Rana Sanga – Rana Sanga was a warrior. By the 16th century, Mewar had become the leading Rajput state. Rana Sanga of Mewar led the combined Rajput forces against the Mughal Emperor Babur in 1527, but was defeated at the Battle of Khanua. It is said that he lost one arm and had been crippled in one leg and received eighty-four wounds on his body.

Bahadur Shah - Bahadur Shah, the ruler of Gujarat was attacked the fort in 1535. Due to the attack, around 13,000 women performed jauhar and around 3,200 Rajputs went for fighting. Panna Dhai escaped the Rana Uday Singh from the fort and went to Bundi. Panna Dai has sacrificed his son for the Ranan Uday Singh. Akbar- Akbar attacked the fort in 1567 during the rule of Rana Udai Singh II. Shakti Singh went to Akbar after differences with his father. But when he informed that Akbar is planning to attack Chittorgarh, he returned back and informed his father about it. After knowing this, Rana Udai Singh hid himself in the hills of Udaipur while Jaimal and Patta defended the fort but they were killed in the battle which was fought for four months.

Maharana Pratap – Over the next Half Century othe Rajputs was in reign of Mughals except Mewar. Mewar alone held out. In 1567 Akbar attacked Chittorgarh to teach him a lesson and captured Chittorgarh. After five years when Maharana Pratap become King without kingdom of Mewar. He continued to defy Akbar, and in 1576, face up to the imperial armies at Haldighati. The battle was ended up to a settlement to withdrawl of Mewar from Maharana Pratap and his follower. After it they continued to harass Mughals from Gurilla warfare approx 20 years. Maharana Pratap is the greatest hero in the eyes of the Rajputs of Mewar. In the absolute dark era of Rajput history, Maharana Pratap alone stood firmly for his honour and dignity, never compromising his honour for safety. He died in 1597.

Meera Bai - Chittorgarh is also known for the Meera Bai. She was the most famous female spiritual Hindu poet, whose compositions are still popular in northern India. She was considered as the most passionate worshipper mof Lord Krishna. Her Poems follow the Bhakti tradition. It is recognized that she was disappear in the Krishna in Dwarka. Chittor garh is often called as the “Bhakti aur Shakti ki Nagari” (land of devotion and strength). The fort and the city of Chittorgarh also host the biggest Rajput festival "Jauhar Mela". It takes place annually on the anniversary of one of the Jauhars, not the jauhar by Padmini which is most famous in the folks. This festival is dedicated to the bravery of Rajput ancestors and all three Jauhars which happened at Chittorgarh.

LOCATION
Chittorgarh is located in the southern region of Rajasthan, Chittorgarh district is known for its Rajputana pride and chivalry. The district is located between 23° 32' and 25° 13' N and between 74° 12' and 75° 49' E and is spread across an area of 10,856 sq km. It covers approximately 3.17 percent of the total area of the State. The average height of the district above sea level is around 487 m. Chittorgarh district shares its borders with Bhilwara in the north, Neemach and Pratapgarh in the south, Udaipur in the west and Madhya Pradesh is in the east. Chittorgarh district is famous for its vast forest region and attracts a lot of tourists every year who visit these forests for rejuvenation and adventure. Around 2,407 sq km of the total district’s areas are covered by forests. Rich in flora and fauna, the forests consist of species of Teakwood, Bamboo, Katha and Salar.

CHITTORGARH & JAINISM
Chittorgarh is an ancient center of Jain tradition. Chittor is next to the ancient city of Madhyamika. The Jain inscriptions at Mathura from the Kushana period (1-3rd cent) mention a "Majjhimilla" branch of the "Kottiya" gana, indicating that it was a major Jain center. The famous Acharya Haribhadra Suri (6th cent) was born in Chittor and wrote "Dhurtopakhyana" there. There was a scholar Elacharya at Chittor from whom Vira-senacharya (9th cent) learned the ancient Shat-khandagama and Kashayapahuda. Vira-senacharya is later the famous "Dhavala" and "Jayadhavala" on the basis of these books. Chittor was the residence of Jinavallabha who propagated the Vidhimarga in the 12th cent. In the 15-17th century, it was the seat of a Bhattaraka.

TOURIST ATTRACTIONS
Chittorgarh, also called Chittaur, from the 7th century to the 16th, was the capital of Mewar under the Rajputs. The city stands strewn with monuments and battlements as evidence of the blood and gore that it went through in ancient times. Chittorgarh touris attractions are mainly fort complex and its monuments.
Chittorgarh Fort : The Chittaur Fort is the best known fort in Rajasthan. The origins of the fort are traced to the Pandavas of Mahabharata. It is said that Bhima, one of the Pandava brothers, built the fort. Standing on 180 meters high hill, the fort covers an area of 700 Acres. The Meera and Khumba Shyam Temple is inside the Fort. It is associated with Meera, a mystic poetess devoted to Lord Krishna whose life and bhajans have become part of the folklore and literary traditions of the region and several parts of India. This Fort is in the shape of a large fish and its circumference is 13 kms. This fort is situated on the river bank of Gambhri and it also has a lime stone bridge to enter the fort. It is belived that the fort was build by the Mauryans in 7th century and further structures were added to it by the successive Mewar rulers. The one mile long serpentine road to the fort is quite steep and exhastive. The fort is approached through seven huge gateways or 'pols', which are guarded by watch tower and massive iron spiked doors. The one mile long serpentine road to the fort is quite steep and exhastive. The fort is approached through seven huge gateways or 'pols', which are guarded by watch tower and massive iron spiked doors. This fort is also called as water fort due to its 84 water bodies, out of which only about 22 exist today. There are some temple of Hindus and Jainism named as follows; Kumbha Shyam Temple, Meera Bai Temple, Adi Varah Temple, Shringar Chauri Temple, Kalika Mata Temple, Tulija Bhavani Temple, Nagchandreshwar Mahadev Temple, Ratneshwar Mahadev Temple, Sattaees Devri and Satbis devri. There are two towers which are the other Jain monuments and these are Kirti Stambh and Vijay Stambh. The name of the palaces is Rana Kubha Palace, Padmini Palace, Rattan Palace and Fateh Prakash Palce which is now converted in the Museum.
Festivals : Rajasthan is mainly colourful and vibrant in culture. So the festivals are also very graceful in Rajasthan. Main Festivals of Chittaur are Maharana Pratap Jayanti, Meera Mahotsav, Teej, Gangaur, Johaur Mela and rang Teras .

HOW TO REACH
Chittorgarh is located in south of Rajasthan state in Northern India. It is close to Udaipur city which is nearby large city. Chittorgarh lies in north-east of Udaipur city and well connected by road option. Let's see how to reach Chittorgarh by various means of transportation.

By Flight: Chittorgarh does not have its own airport. Its nearest airport is Maharana Pratap Airport of Udaipur, at a distance of 120kms. Second option is Jaipur's Sanganer airport, at a distance of 310kms. Both the airports have good flight connectivity from Delhi & Mumbai. Further journey from airport to Chittorgarh is possible by taxi cabs. We provide tourist taxi service from these airports to reach Chittorgarh.

DISTANCE CHART
LOCATION MAP
From
Distance
(in Kms)
Udaipur 120
Jaipur 310
Mount Abu 170
Kumbhalgarh Fort 100
Pushkar 280
   

By Train: Chittaurgarh have its own railway station with station code:COR. It has direct train connectivity from Delhi, Mathura, Bhartpur etc. Second best option is Udaipur railway station.

By Road: Road connectivity of Chittaurgarh city is good. It is having its own Bus Stand which is well connected by nearby cities, towns and villages like Udaipur, Jaipur, Pushkar, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur etc.

CLIMATE & WEATHER
Chittaurgarh lies in Rajasthan state in Northern India. It is a desert land thus days are hot and nights are cool. Here we can experience all seasons i.e. summers (April to July), monsoon (July to Sept) and Winters (December to March). In summers, temperature reaches 45°C in day-time where as in winters temperature dips to 1°C in night & early morning hours. Rainfall is just average thus mainly summers and winter prevails in this area.

BEST TIME TO VISIT
Best time to visit Chittaurgarh is from October to April. In this period, majority of tourists visit this land of bravery and great history. Although it is open throughout the year but India-wise tourism remain at its peak in this period. During this period, majority of holidays, festivals lies thus domestic tourists prefers to go for touring. Similarly foreigner tourists also prefers this period due to better climatic conditions and opening of all major tourist areas like national parks, nature tourism sites etc. Although domestic tourism remain good in summers also i.e. in May-June months as it is school-vacation time. One can visit any day, as per their convenience.

ACCOMMODATION
For accommodation options, here hotels are available in different categories. Many tourists prefers to stay in Udaipur city and visit Chittaurgarh as excursion tour. Hotel options are better in Udaipur city.

NEXT TO CHITTORGARH
After Chittaurgarh one can go to visit other surrounding tourist destinations like Udaipur (120 kms), Kumbhalgarh 100 km, Ranakpur (120kms) and Kota (180 kms), Ujjain (270kms).
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