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Gwalior Fort Sculptures

Jain Temple in Gwalior Fort

INTRODUCTION

Gwalior fort is one of the biggest forts of India. This fort is known for the great architectural designs including Jain Temples and also for the rich historical background. In central India, this fort is famous tourist attraction and a must visit place of the Madhya Pradesh tourism. It is constructed in 3rd century BC by a regional King of that time called Raja Suraj Sen. As per the historians and according to the locals, once upon a time Raja Suraj Sen, a local prince who was ruling the Gwalior once suffered from the dangerous disease called Leprosy and he was on the last stage of that disease which was incurable. On that time he met with the local sage named Gwalipa and upon asking to the sage for curing the disease, he offered the King to drink some water of the sacred pond which cured the Raja's Disease Leprosy completely. The King built the fort to honor the sage, Gwalipa. Gwalior fort accommodates many temples including world famous Jain Temples, water tanks and other historical monuments inside the huge arena of fort. The fort arena covers an area of approximately 3 kilometers and situated at a height of 35 feet. This fort has two entrance gate; Elephant Gate with a long ramp on a north east side and Badalgarh Gate on the south west side. The main Mandir palaces are situated on the North East side. Inside the huge premises of the beautiful Gwalior fort, there are many historic monuments are present including Man Mandir Mahal, Gujari Mahal, Jahangir Mahal, ShahJahan Mahal and Karan Mahal. There are many world famous historic temples are also present in a very good and well maintained condition. Some of them which are now popular tourist attraction are Saas Bahu Temple, Teli Ka Mandir and many Jain Temples etc. The main monuments inside the Gwalior fort premises are Jain Temples. Within the arena of the fort, Jain temples create the unique monuments group including Siddhachal Caves and Gopachal rock cut Jain monuments being the two areas, with hundreds of Jain Tirhankars Statues which were destroyed by the Mughals. This fort is unique and marvelous architecture of the medieval India built by the rulers of this region. This fort is a fine example of the Medieval India architecture.

HISTORY

In between the Journey from Gwalior to Gwalior fort via Urwahi Valley by road, there are many huge rocks cut Jain Statues. Some of the statues are dated around the 7th century. All the sculptures are made during the rule of King Tomars in 15th century. Some of them are destroyed by the Mughal Emperors. The largest statue of Parsvanath seated on a Lotus is approximately seventeen meters in height. Some of the Jain Idols are rock cut and others non rock cut. Mostly statues are kept in the Archaeological Museum. In spite of the several brutal attacks by the Muslim Invaders who tried to destroy the glorious temples of Hindus and Jains, the earlier Jain sculptures have survived in a quite good condition. All the statues that were carved in the early 15th century were built during the reign of most tolerant Tomar King Dungar Sing and by his son and successor, Kirti Singh. The Tomar Queen herself was either a Jain or was a great follower of this non violent religion. Siddhachal Jain Temple Caves are the major tourist attraction of the Gwalior fort. These caves are built in the 7th century and some of them in 15 century during the reign of last Tomar King Dungar Singh and Kirti Singh. Siddhachal caves have almost thirty one Jain temples in the fort. Eleven Jain temples out of thirty one are dedicated to Jain Tirthankaras. The tallest statues are of the very first Tirthankaras Adinath and Rishabhanatha which are approximately 58 feet tall. The premises of the fort is grouped into five main groups namely Urvahi, North West, North East, South West and the South East Areas. The Urvahi region of the fort accommodates around 884 idols of Jain Tirthankaras. Out of 884 idols around twenty four idols are in the padmasana position, around 40 idols in the Kayotsarga posture and around 840 idols are carved on the walls and pillars of the fort. Gopachal Hill is another famous tourist attraction point in the Gwalior fort. There are around 1500 Idols of Jain Tirthankaras. All the idols are made by rock carving and most of them were constructed during the period of King Dungar Singh and by his successor and son Kirti Singh Tomar. This Gopachal Hill also includes the statue of Lord Parshvanath which is around forty two feet in height and thirty feet in breadth.

PLACES TO SEE

The Gwalior fort itself is the major tourist attraction of the Gwalior tourism. One can see the beautiful Gwalior fort from every corner of the city. Including Marvelous structures and representation of great architectural background of 10 to 15th centuries Jain Temples, Gujari Mahal Museum, Teli Ka Mandir, Jay Vilas Mahal and Moti Mahal are some other tourist attractions that you can see during the visit of Gwalior fort. About few kilometers from the Jai Vilas Palace, there is one magnificent historical a Chhatri (Cenotaph) of the late Madhavrao Scindia popularly known as Amma Maharaj Ki Chhatri. Another interesting tourist attraction in Gwalior that one can see during the visit of Gwalior are Tomb of Mohhamad Gaus, Tansen Tomb, Sub Temple, Sarod Ghar, Padmavati Pawaya, Tighra Dam, Madhav national park and many more.

HOW TO REACH

Gwalior is a part of the Madhya Pradesh state and is a famous tourist hub of the state. This makes the city very popular and well connected to rest of the country major cities by train, by airways or by road.

By Train

Gwalior has its own railway station and is well connected to almost all major cities of country by broad gauge of tracks. We can travel to Gwalior, from various eminent cities and tourist destinations like Mumbai, Delhi, Agra, Mathura, Jhansi, Khajuraho, Varanasi, Lucknow, Haridwar, Bengaluru, Chennai, Hyderabad, Nagpur, Jaipur etc. Station Code of Gwalior station is GWL. Numbers of trains are available to reach and departs from Gwalior at any time throughout the day.
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By Flight

As already mentioned that the Gwalior is a major tourist attraction point and historical place of Madhya Pradesh state, this historic place has its own Airport. Here flight connectivity is very limited. We can find flight connectivity from Delhi.

By Road

Gwalior is well connected to rest of the Madhya Pradesh by road and the condition of National and State Highways that passes from the city are good in condition and also very safe to travel. Their are surrounding cities which are well connected with Gwalior, by road option, like Delhi, Agra, Mathura, Khajuraho, Orchha, Jhansi, Jaipur, Ranthambore, Bharatpur, Lucknow, Kanpur etc.

CLIMATE

The climate of Gwalior is favorable for tourism. It's not too rainy or too cool. Average temperature during the summer season is ranging from 40 to 46°Celsius in day time. Here Summer season prevails from March to July month. Where as Winter season can be experience from November to February months. In winter season the temperature is remain in between 4 to 20°Celsius. We can experience Monsoon season from July end to September month, during which temperature ranges between 25 to 33°Celsius. Here heavy rainfall is rare thus this region is counted among arid parts of Central India.

BEST TIME TO VISIT

Gwalior is the city of Madhya Pradesh which is rushed throughout the year. Under the banner of Madhya Pradesh Tourism, it is counted among best heritage cities of state. Throughout the city, we can find marks of its rich heritage buildings, temples, tombs, fort, palaces. This place can be visited throughout the year. However, it is advisable to avoid visiting in summer season as the temperature during this season reach to 46 degree Celsius. August to April is the best time to visit this historical place.


MADHYA PRADESH JAIN PILGRIMAGE
Bajrangadh Atishay Kshetra Bhopavar Tirtha Bawangaja Barwani
Gwalior Fort Kundalpur Sri Mandavgarh Tirath
Mohankheda Jhabua Nageshwar Parshavanatha Madhiyaji Pisanhari
Shri Laxmani Tirth Alirajpur Rajgir Jain Temples Sri Makshi Tirath
Sri Mohankheda Rajgarh Sonagiri Temples Talanpur Kukshi

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