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Jabalpur

INTRODUCTION
Jabalpur Tourism Jabalpur city is tourism capital of Madhya Pradesh state. In compare to any other city of Madhya Pradesh, Jabalpur has unmatched natural beauty and tourist places in and around city. It is located in picturesque Narmada valley. If we look around the city, we can find that Jabalpur is surrounded by rocky hills of Granite stone & sand-stone. In evening, such green mountains along with orange and blue sky on back-gorund of hills give a picturesque view. It is known for stunning Marble rocks at Bhedaghat where Narmada river passes through narrow gorge before cascading down at massive foggy waterfall called Dhuandhar. Their are number of ghats in city from where river Narmada rives pass through like Jelahri-ghat, Gwari-ghat, Tilwara ghat etc. In addition to this, city is also a important military base of India where army trucks and other multi-utility vehicle, arms-ammunitions are either manufactures, assembled or stored. These factories have great impact on city economy. With the increase in tourism sector in India, Jabalpur has gained important place in tourist map of India due to presence of world famous tiger reserves in 250 kms radius. Here people from all religious background lives with harmony and city is proceeding towards modernization and expanding its limits. Due to its well connectivity with all major cities of India like Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Nagpur, Lucknow, Jaipur, Agra etc. So its well connectivity has made Jabalpur city as first option to begin/terminate any tour of Central India. So either on arrival or departure, almost every tourist does one day city tour of Jabalpur.

JABALPUR HISTORY
Their are many theories regarding the origin of name of city as Jabalpur. The most prevalent theory indicates that its name is derived from mythological hindu sage “Rishi Jabali”. Rishi Jabali spent many years of his life in Jabalpur region. Another theory says its name is derived from Arabic word “Jabal” which means boulders that are still present in middle height mountains surrounding to city. As one can find mountains all around Jabalpur city, so this possibility cannot be ruled out.

It is said that in ancient times, Jabalpur was known as Tripuri Kingdom. Tripuri Kingdom was ruled by Hayahya rulers. In ancient epic of Mahabharata, one can find the reference of Tripuri State. Later it became part of Mauryan and the Gupta Empires. In 875 AD, Kalchuri conquered the Jabalpur region and made it their capital. At the same time Gonds were also ruling adjoining areas of Jabalpur. Today if we go by historical evidences showcased in Rani Durgavati Museum in Jabalpur city, we can notice that Gonds have strong presence in Jabalpur city area like Madan Mahal hills, Garha region where if we proceed about 5kms to 10kms towards Bhedaghat (west) we can notice the strong evidences of Kalchuri rule like in Tripur Sundari Temple, Yogini temples etc. Later Gonds increased their strength by acquiring more areas of Jabalpur and established their capital in Garha, Jabalpur. Here they made Garha fort, Madan Mahal fort etc. Upon reaching 16th century, Gond kingdom was in his golden time. During that time, Gond Kingdom was ruled by Sangram Shah, Dalpat Shah, Vir Narayan (virtually ruled by Rani Durgavati). After war with Mughal forces, gonds loosed their fame and strength due to which area came under Mughal domination. In this time most of the temples, statues of Hindu God & Goddess were dismantled & destroyed which is evident when we visit Chousat Yogini Temple in Bhedaghat. Later in 17th century, Marathas conquered this region and ruled for some time. In 1798 the Maratha Peshwa granted the Narmada valley region to the Bhonsle princes of Nagpur, who continued to hold the district upto 1818. Britisher occupied it in 1818 after defeating the Marathas and it became part of Central Province.

At the beginning of 19th century, under British India rule Jabalpur become commission headquarter of Nerbudda territories. It was pronounced & recorded as Jubbulpore. Even today while visiting Jabalpur Cantonment area, we can find the same name written in British ear buildings. During British era, Jubbulpore became the capital of Saugor (now a days Sagar district) and Nerbudda Territories. At that time these territories become infamous for Thuggee murders. Thuggee murders were actually carried out by tribal notorious groups called Thugs who use to kill pilgrim groups, passing through this area, by strangling them to death using their turbans and other means. In order to suppress the thugee practice in Central India, a separate Anti-thuggee department was created, led by Col. Wiliam Henery Sleeman. He was among few Britishers who are still reminded by Indian for their good social services in India. He placed in Jubbulpore (Today's Jabalpur). By his hard & consistent efforts he manage to curb this problem. About 70 kms distance from Jabalpur, small town called Sleemanabad is on the name of such a great British officer. Sleeman wrote many books of history of Central India, rulers of Central India etc. In year 1861, Saugor and Nerbudda territories became part of Central Provinces. In later years, Jabalpur has also seen freedom struggle, visit of Mahatma Gandhi, Lokmanya Tilak. Tripuri Congress Session was held here in year 1939. After independence, Jabalpur became part of newly created Madhya Pradesh state.

TOURISM
Since last one decade, Jabalpur has emerged as popular tourist destination. Wildlife tourism in Central India has gain international popularity. Here Taj Group of Hotels ventured in to safari lodges and opened 04 luxury safari lodges in Panna, Bandhavgarh, Kanha and Pench Tiger reserves. With the improvement in infrastructural facilities and better promotion of tourism in Madhya Pradesh, huge number of tourists visiting Central India every year. Among them Tiger Safari is a most famous tourism activity here. Fortunately, 05 most popular tiger reserves are in 250kms radius of Jabalpur and is most suitable place to launch wildlife expedition to these tiger reserves. In addition to this Khajuraho & Pachmarhi are also easily accessible from Jabalpur. Usually tourists use Jabalpur as a base to launch their wildlife & leisure tours. More than this, Jabalpur itself has tourist attractions like Bhedaghat, Chousat Yogini temple, Marble Rocks, Dumna Nature Reserve, Bargi Dam, Rani Durgavati Museum, Madan Mahal Fort, Kachnar City 74Feet High Shiva Statue etc. One or two days sightseeing can easily be done in Jabalpur city. To cater accommodation requirements, Jabalpur city have hotels of all categories for visitors of different budget level.

BEST TIME TO VISIT
Here we are describing the best time to visit Jabalpur in terms of tourism. Jabalpur is in Madhya Pradesh State in Central India where winter prevails from November to February, summers from March to June and monsoon season from July to October. Jabalpur is mainly known as important arrival & departure point for wildlife and leisure tours. In Madhya Pradesh, all tiger reserves remain closed in monsoon i.e. from July to mid-October. During this time, tourist arrival is very low. Tourist arrival begins with opening of tiger reserves from October till June. During winters & beginning of summers i.e. from October to April, climate remains good and most of the inbound tourist visits this time and it is considered to be the best time to visit Jabalpur. With summers, domestic tourists visits more due to holidays in schools & colleges.

PEOPLE & LIFE-STYLE
Jabalpur is counted among big and historical cities of Central India. Here in Jabalpur we can find people from all religions where Hindus are in majority. Mostly people are from nearby villages or cites who resides in Jabalpur for sake of job or business. Till last decade, military factories has major influence in economy of service sector employees in Jabalpur but now image in changing. Other business and service sector are registering their presence like Railways,Banks, Schools, Private factories, Private firms etc. People in majority are still deriving their earning from service sector and small fraction is in business sector. People from service sector are better educated than business sector people. Majority of business are still derived from agriculture sector. Here business sector is also old fashioned following old system and not very competitive. Here education level of local people is average and mostly have studied in Hindi medium schools due to which percentage of English speaking population is very less. Education facilities is limited and more dependent in private institutions due to which it is costly. Medical facilities for local people is also dependent on private sector and is very profitable business for entrepreneur and expensive for local people including nearby villagers. Although Government hospitals & even Medical college is their but are merged in red-tapism, corruption and ill-managed. By nature people in Jabalpur are submissive, religious and not much modernized. Social life of people is good and still follows their traditional values & culture. Celebrations of festivals is still enjoyed and celebrated with full traditional way which lacks in metro cities. Law & order system of city is good but agencies are not modernized, well equipped and lacks in will-power. Enforcement of laws & rules is very poor, level of corruption is even higher than metro cities and local voice against corruption is on low pitch. Here also politics & corruption have huge impact in government policies, plans, decisions and their implementation. Just like other small cities New generation of Jabalpur city is very optimistic, modernized and optimistic. Overall city is slowly expanding & moving towards modernization.

LOCATION
Jabalpur is located in the Mahakoshal region in the geographic center of India. In map, city is in central-east part of Madhya Pradesh state. It is one of the largest city in Madhya Pradesh. The location of Jabalpur is 23º10' North latitude and 79º59' East longitude. City is on the bank of holy Narmada river and surrounded by low-height rocky Vindhyan ranges. Being a important army base since British India, it is well connected by all means of transport i.e. by flight, train and road. It lies on Mumbai-Howrah rail track and India's largest National-Highway-7 passes through Jabalpur city. Its nearby popular cities are Bhopal(in west), Gwalior(in north), Nagpur(in south). Similarly it is surrounded by 5 popular tiger reserves and total 7 tourist attractions.

HOW TO REACH
By Air: Jabalpur is connected by flight from capital of India i.e. New Delhi. Here daily flight operates between Jabalpur - Delhi. By small charter plane it is connected with Bhopal and Indore. Some more destinations are likely connect with Jabalpur in near future.

DISTANCE CHART
LOCATION MAP
From
Distance
(in Kms)
Kanha National Park 165
Bandhavgarh 190
Nagpur 290
Pench National Park 200
Pachmarhi 250
Satpura National Park 250


By Train: Jabalpur is a major railway station in Central India for railways. Divisional Regional Manager office of Central Railways is here in this city. In addition to presence of important military establishment, railway connectivity of Jabalpur railway station is very good with rest of the cities and tourist destinations of India like Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Pune, Varanasi, Agra, Gwalior, Bhopal, Indore, Nagpur, Jammu, Raipur, Allahabad, Patna, Howarh, Guwahati, Jaipur etc. All important trains that pass through Jabalpur, stops here. It lies on Mumbai-Howrah rail track.
By Road: Jabalpur is well connected by road. National Highway-7 passes through Jabalpur that connects Varanasi to Kanyakumari. Nearby important cities connected to Jabalpur are Nagpur, Bhopal, Raipur, Khajuraho etc. By raod, you can go to any place in India by road. It has direct bus connectivity with cities like Varanasi, Allahabad, Raipur, Bhopal, Chattarpur (for Khajuraho), Kanha National Park, Chindwara, Sagor etc.

CLIMATE & WEATHER
Jabalpur is among those places in Madhya Pradesh that never faces any water crises or drought situations. Due to presence of hilly terrains, Narmada river and cantonment area, city maintains natural greenery and availability of clean water that fulfills basic human need for better survival. During winters from November to February temperature remains from 5°C to 22°C. Usually fog do not occur in Jabalpur or its surrounding area. Summer begins from March to July beginning during which temperature ranges from 30°C to 45°C and heat waves flows in day time. South-west monsoon arrives from Arabian sea and Indian ocean in till 15th July and received average to heavy rainfall till October. Due to Bargi Dam constructed on Narmada river, normally Jabalpur city don't face problem of flooding. Overall climate of Jabalpur and its surrounding places, climatic condition is good and fit for survival.

ACCOMMODATION
Their are number of accommodation facilities available in Jabalpur city for tourists and visitors. Here luxury hotels are limited but standard and budget hotels are many. Hotel Narmada Jacksons & Satya Ashoka are good & only options for luxury accommodation. Among standard hotels, hotel Kalchuri Residency, Hotel Samdareeya, Grand Samdareeya, Gulzar tower are the available options in city center. Mostly hotels are available in & around Russel Square of city which is a busy place for commercial activities. Among budget hotel, one can go for Hotel Sidharth, Samdareeya Inn, Hotel India, Hotel Galaxy, Ankit Residency etc. Location-wise Kalchuri residency, Narmada Jacksons, Ankit residency are located in peaceful place and close to railway station & airport.
NEXT TO JABALPUR
Jabalpur is a good place to begin Madhya Pradesh tours. Its surrounding tourist destinations are Pachmarhi, Satpura National Park, Pench Tiger Reserve, Kanha Tiger Reserve, Bandhavgarh National Park, Panna National Park, Khajuraho etc.
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