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Pench National Park

Central India Tourism
INTRODUCTION
It is located to the south of Satpura hills. It is named after the name of the river Pench which streams through this area. This is the 19th project tiger reserve in India and was affirmed in 1992.It has tropical moist deciduous forest. The prey concentration is highest along the banks of the river Pench. The Pench national park has a count of 8 tigers (as in 1998) and 7 panthers (as in 1998).this national park is rich with chitals i.e. axis or more commonly spotted deer. The name of Pench National Park was changed to "Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park" in November 2002 Similarly the name of Pench Sanctuary has been changed to "Mowgli Pench Sanctuary". Basically This is the land that encouraged Rudyard Kipling to write that all-time favourite, "The Jungle Book" - walk through Pench and one can visualize Mowgli swinging through the trees and almost hear the roar of Sher Khan. Located on the border of Madhya Pradesh and adjoining Maharashtra, the Pench National Park is well-known for the profusion of flora and fauna found within the park as the varied species of wildlife. Named after the river that flows nearby, Pench was affirmed a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1983 and in 1992, Pench was included under the umbrella of "Project Tiger" as the 19th Project Tiger Reserve.

FLORA FAUNA
The Pench Tiger Reserve located in the southern reaches of the Satpura hill ranges constituted in 1992 has a total area of 757.90 sq km out of which 292.86 sq km is the core area of the reserve, 118.30 sq km of Pench wildlife sanctuary & 346.7 sq km of area is the buffer zone. The forest cover belongs to the southern tropical moist teak & dry teak forests & the southern dry mixed deciduous forest. The ground is covered with a maze of grasses, plants bushes & saplings. Bamboo is restricted to some valleys, dazzling white kulu (sterculia urens) trees scattered around singly in the forest stand out conspicuously among the various hues of green.
PENCH NATIONAL PARK FAUNA
COMMON NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME COMMON NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME
MAMMALS
REPTILES
Tiger Panthera tigris tigris Rat Snake Ptyas mucosa
Indian Gaur Bos Gaurus Green Vine Snake Ahaetulla nasuta
Sloth Bear Melursus ursinus Indian Rock Python Python molurus
Nilgai or Blue Bull Boselaphus tragocamelus Checkered Keelback Xenochrophis piscator
Indian Leopard Felis bengalensis Buff Striped Keelback Amphiesma stilatum
Wild Dog (Dhole) Dhole cuon alpinus Red Sand Boa Eryx johnii
Stripped Hyena Hyaena hyaena Common Sand Boa Eryx conicus
Indian Wolf Canis lupus Common Fringe Flowered Vine Trisy eclipta prostate
Jackal Canis aureus Banded Kukri Snake Oligodon arnenesis
Indian Fox Bulpes bengalensis Indian Flapshell Turtle Lissemys punctata
Wild Boar Sus scrofa Indian Gamma Snake Boiga trigonata
Sambar Cervus unicolor Common Wolf Snake Oligodon arnenesis
Black buck Cervicapra Russell's Viper Daboia russelli
Spotted Deer Axis axis Little Glory Evolvus alsinioides
Munjtak/ Barking Deer Muntiacus muntjak Madras Pea Pumpkin Mukia Maderaspatena
Rhesus Macaque Macaca mulatto Graham's Groundsel Senecio grahamilXconvolvulaceae
Common Langur Semnopithecus entellus Spectacled Cobra Naja naja
Rusty-spotted Cat Felis rubiginosa Saw-scaled Viper Echis carinatus
Jungle Cat Felis chaus
BUTTERFLIES
Honey Badger Mellivora capensis Crimson Rose Pachliopta aristolochiae aristolochiae
Small Indian Civet Viverricula indica Cabbage whit Pieris canidia indica
Palm Civet Paradoxurus hermaphroditus Yellow Swallowtail Papilio Machaon
Grey Musk Shrew Suncus murinus Baronet Symphaedra Nais
Indian Tree Shrew Anathana elliotti Common MormoPrinceps Polytes romulus
Malabar Giant Squirrel Ratufa indica Common Sailer Neptis hylas varmona
3-Stripped Palm Squirrel Funambulus palmatum Great Mormon Princeps Memnon agenor
Indian Flying Fox Pteropus giganteus Common Jezebel Delias eucharis
Porcupine Hystrix indica Common Tiger Danaus genutia
Common Mongoose Herpestes edwardsi Great Egg Fly Hypolimnnas bolina
Indian Gerbille Tatera indeca Danaid Egg Fly Hypolimnas missipus
Long-tailed Tree Mouse Vandeleuria oleracea
AMPHIBIANS
Indian Field Mouse Mus booduga Common Tree Frog polypedates maculates
Common House Rat Rattus rattus Indian Bull Frog hoplobatrachus tigerinus
Four-horned Antelope Tetracerus quadricomis Skitterid Frog cuphlystis cyanophlyctus
Bearded Shealth Tailed Bat Taphozous melanopogon Jerdon's Bull Frog hoplobatrachus crassus
Chinkara Gazella bennettii Common Toad Bufo melanostictus
Indian False Vampire Megadema iyra Marbled Toad Bufo stomaticus
Black-naped Hare Lepus nigricollis nigicollis Ornate Microhylid Microhyla ornate
Indian Pipistrelle Pipistrella coromandra Indian Cricket Frog limnonectes limnocharis

The animal species like Chital, sambhar, nilgai, wildboar & jackal are commonly seen. Leopard, sloth bear, wild dog, porcupine, jungle cat, fox,striped hyena, guar, chowsingha & barking deer are also found. The population of tigers as recorded in 2001 census is estimated at 40m number. Pench boasts of more than 250 species of birds including several migratory ones. Some of them are peafowl, jungle fowl, crow, pheasant, redvented bulbul, magpie robin, lesser whistling teal, pintail, shovellar, egrets & heron. The Pench National Park is open to visitors from early November to end of June each year and closed during the rainy season (July- October).

HISTORY
Pench forest is spread over Satpura mountain range in which other tiger reserves like Kanha National Park & Satpura National Parks are also situated. Its is a historical forest in which Rudyard Kipling's classic "The Jungle Book" is based. If we look the satellite pictures, we will notice that its forest is linked with Kanha Tiger Reserve and many time it is noticed that Kanha tigers have reached Pench national park. In past during British India, under mysterous circumstances some villagers near Seoni dis-appeared in forest. Col. W. H. Sleeman send a team from Jabalpur to the spot for investigation in which fact was revealed that a wolf gang is active their in which a human-boy was also gang member who lives like wolf and was later captured and put to human society but he didn't survived long. Mowgli character was inpired from that boy. That forest area was first declared as Pench Wildlife Sanctuary in year 1977. In 1983 it was declared as Pench National Park and later in year 1992 it was included as 19th Tiger Reserve of India under Project Tiger.

HOW TO REACH
DISTANCE CHART
LOCATION MAP
From
Distance
(in Kms)
Nagpur 110
Kanha National Park 190
Jabalpur 200
Pachmarhi 250
Satpura National Park 340
Tadoba National Park 300

Pench by Air : The nearest airports to reach Pench National Park is at Nagpur & Jabalpur. Nagpur airport is about 110kms and Jabalpur Airport is about 215 kms from Pench Tiger Reserve. Pench to Nagpur & Pench to Jabalpur can be reached easily by using taxi service that operates frequently between them. In compare to both of them, connectivity of Nagpur airport is better than Jabalpur. Nagpur Airport is a International Airport with more flight connectivity to other destinations like Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Raipur, Dubai etc. Jabalpur airport is a small airport with connectivity from Delhi only.

Pench by Train: Nearest railway station for reaching Pench by train is at Nagpur city (105kms). Second option could be Jabalpur railway station (200kms) having connectivity with most of the major tourist destinations & cities of India like Mumbai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Jaipur, Agra, Bangalore, Delhi, Varanasi, Lucknow, Sawai Madhopur etc.
Pench by Train: There are state owned transport buses from Nagpur through which you can reach Khawasa Border (Madhya Pradesh-Maharashtra Border) on NH-8. From here, you are need to take some vehicle for go for Turai entrance gate where all major resorts & lodges are located. Turia entrance gate is the popular & most frequently used entrance gate for Pench Jungle Safari.

TOURIST ATTRACTIONS INSIDE PENCH
Sitaghat: The spot is undoubtedly the prettiest location in Pench national park that takes you to the awesome bank of the river with rocks & artistic looking trees. It is must to visit the location either in the morning or in the evening has it has charm with sunrise & sunset. Itís a good spot for bird lovers as well.

Alikatta: it is located in the center of the pench National park with mesmerizing grass land around & where one can spot any of the animals. However among few places that left in the country this is one of them, where every evening one can see the amazing spectacle of grazing flocks consisting of thousands of spotted deer. Where there are deer, there will be predators. So keep an eye open here. It is also the site from where the elephant rides initiate.

Chhindimatta Road: Itís a boundary line between Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. During & after monsoon one can easily watch beautiful water birds & also an excellent area for spotting buzzards, eagles & hawks as well. This section is full of ups and downs over rocky hills although rest of the park is quite flat.

Bodhanala range: The spot worth for those who love watching birds also called as a paradise for birds lover. A large number of migratory birds can also be seen here. The spot with sloping hills, bamboo forests and a huge pond has a unique charm of its own & make this site significant as well.

Raiyakassa: A watchtower has been built by the Park authorities at Raiyakassa that provides great views of the Pench River. & it is clear from the watchtower that authority also provides night stay here to watch animals like bison & tigers as well many times.

Doob Road: The trail running is an excellent area for spotting all species of animals. After the monsoon most of the migratory submerged species once again recede. Although rest of the year, it is quite frequent to come across huge flocks of deer and bison, while driving along this trail. Habitually Leopards have also been seen in this area.

Kalapahad : The Kalapahad Hill which is at an elevation of 650 meters. Here the track splits in two- one leading to Alikatta and other to Chhindimatta. It is a hilly terrain with impenetrable forest cover. Langurs, leopards and wild boars are common here. The Great Hornbill is a bird found in this area.

CLIMATE & WEATHER
Content coming soon....

BEST TIME TO VISIT
Pench national park is open for visitors from 16-October to 30-June. During this period, anyone can visit the park and enjoy the jungle safari. It has been seen that most of the Indian tourists prefers to visit park as per their festival holidays or children school holidays due to which their presence in better in period of October -December and April - June. Where as foreigner tourists prefers the period from November to April due to severe cold in their countries and holidays in their countries. Best time to visit Pench national park varies as per interest of visitor. Still if your are interested in core wildlife than December to April is the best time to visit Pench national park. During this period, you can enjoy some best moments of jungle safari. On the other hand if you are not serious wildlife and visiting park as leisure tour then October to April is the best time to visit. During this time wildlife sighting is good, climatic conditions are good and most of the festival falls during this period. Safari tickets are main challenge during this period. In order to enjoy better discounts, May-June months are good as most of the resorts offers some good summer discounts.

ACCOMMODATION
In Pench National Park, you can find number of resorts & lodges for accommodation purpose of visitors. Most of the safari lodges & resorts are located close to Turia gate as it is the popular entrance gate and almost all tourists do their safari through this entrance gate. Here some of the popular resorts and safari lodges Pench Jungle Camp, Baghvan, Mahua Van, Tuli Tiger Corridor Pench, Jungle Home etc.

NEXT TO
Pench national park have many tourist destinations close to it. Most of the Pench surrounding tourist destinations are wildlife reserves or nature tourism destinations. Some of the must visit tourist destinations includes Kanha national park, Tadoba national park, Pachmarhi, Satpura National Park, Nagzira Tiger Reserve, Jabalpur etc.

RELATED LINKS
Bandhavgarh Kanha National Park Pench National Park
Satpura National Park Panna National Park Madhav National Park
Sanjay Dubri National Park Van Vihar National Park Ghughua Fossil Park


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