Madhya Pradesh Languages


Madhya Pradesh lies in Central India region of India. Here basically Hindi is the widely spoken language by local citizens. Hindi, the official language of Madhya Pradesh is the most widely spoken language. It is the predominant language of the official work. Here we will notice that Hindi is the widely accepted language of state and understood by people at almost all the parts of Madhya Pradesh. It is widely spoken by sizeable numbers engaged in the hospitality & service industry. Still when we move from urban regions to rural areas, we will discover different shades of languages. As per region, we will notice that way of expressing Hindi language also have some regional variations with the addition of some local words, tone of speaking, addition of regional dialects. At some places tone is soft where as at some places it is hard. Similarly in some region, people speaks louder and in some region they speaks in low pitch. Major language variation can be noticed in tribal or rural belts of Madhya Pradesh like Mandla, Dindori, Balaghat, Chhindwara, Dhar, Mandsaur, Jhabua districts. Here tribal population dominates thus they still talks more in there tribal languages. When we comes to city areas, we will find clear Hindi language dominates. In business class we will find that Sindhi language also have there share as post independence, large number of Sindhi community people settled in Madhya Pradesh and have wide presence in urban areas of all major cities of Madhya Pradesh like Gwalior, Bhopal, Indore, Jabalpur etc.

Western Madhya Pradesh

If we talk about Western Madhya Pradesh Here we will find Malwi and Nimari languages as the local level spoken language. This can be find mostly in Khargone, Mandsaur district and its nearby area. Here we can find the Bhil tribe has predominance in Dhar, Jhabua, Khargone district and they have their own language called "Bhil" language. Where as when we move to Indore city here we will find many Marathi spoken people as this region was under rule of Maratha Holkar rulers. They ruled over this region for long time and they marks are still visible.

Northern Madhya Pradesh

When we move to Northern Madhya Pradesh called "Bundelkhand region", which comprises some prominent districts like Gwalior, Shivpuri, Khajuraho, Tikamgarh, Chhatarpur, Panna etc., we will find Bundeli language prominently spoken in rural areas. Its effect can be seen in urban population also. In urban areas we can find Hindi as prominently spoken language but still effect of Bundeli language can be noticed.

Eastern and Southern Madhya Pradesh

If we move towards Eastern Madhya Pradesh which comprises many popular tourist places like Bandhavgarh national park, Kanha national park, Dindori, Amarkantak, Jabalpur, Balaghat, Baihar etc, we will find that this region is having large population of tribal people living in their villages, small towns, cities. They are native to this region and living from thousands of years in mountain ranges of Satpura and Vindhyachal. They are mainly from Gond, Baiga, Korku, Halba, Mariya etc. They speak mainly Gondi, Korku, Nahali languages. In same Eastern Madhya Pradesh we will find Rewa city. Its nearby region comprising places like Satna, Sidhi, Sahdol, Singrauli etc called Rewa region or Baghelkhand. It is popular for mining activities. Here we will find predominance of Bagheli language which is very much similar to simple Hindi language and easy to understand. Now if we move to Southern Madhya Pradesh, we will find that population composition is indifferent form Eastern Madhya Pradesh thus here also we will find predominance of Hindi, Gondi, Korku language.

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