Jabalpur

INTRODUCTION

Jabalpur Tourism Read about Jabalpur tourism, unexplored sites, places to visit and it strategic importance  in wildlife tourism of Madhya Pradesh. It is a tiger safari tourism capital of Central India. In compare to any other city of Madhya Pradesh, Jabalpur has unmatched natural beauty and tourist places in and around city. It is located in picturesque Narmada river valley which offers many river bank tourism sites and fresh water availability to city, throughout the year, in all seasons. If we look around the city, we can find that Jabalpur is surrounded by rocky hills of Granite stone & sand-stone. In evening, such green mountains along with orange and blue sky on background of hills give a picturesque view. It is known for stunning Marble rocks at Bhedaghat where Narmada river passes through narrow gorge before cascading down at massive foggy waterfall called Dhuandhar. Their are number of ghats in city from where river Narmada rives pass through like Jelahri-ghat, Gwari-ghat, Tilwara ghat etc. In addition to this, city is also a important military base of India where army trucks and other multi-utility vehicle, arms-ammunitions are either manufactures, assembled or stored. These factories have great impact on city economy. With the increase in tourism sector in India, Jabalpur has gained important place in tourist map of India due to presence of world famous tiger reserves in 250 kms radius. Here people from all religious background lives with harmony and city is proceeding towards modernization and expanding its limits. Due to its well connectivity with all major cities of India like Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Nagpur, Lucknow, Jaipur, Agra etc. So its well connectivity has made Jabalpur city as first option to begin/terminate any tour of Central India. So either on arrival or departure, almost every tourist does one day city tour of Jabalpur.

JABALPUR HISTORY

Their are many theories regarding the origin of name of city as Jabalpur. The most prevalent theory indicates that its name is derived from mythological hindu sage “Rishi Jabali”. Rishi Jabali spent many years of his life in Jabalpur region. Another theory says its name is derived from Arabic word “Jabal” which means boulders that are still present in middle height mountains surrounding to city. As one can find mountains all around Jabalpur city, so this possibility cannot be ruled out. If we are in short of time and want to know short description about history of Jabalpur city, then we can say that its prominent history revolves around Gondwana Kingdom rule and British India ruling period in which Jabalpur was pronounced as Jubbulpore and was part of Central Province. Its Cantonment area was important power center of this region and its marks can easily be seen during city tour of Jabalpur.

It is said that in ancient times, Jabalpur was known as Tripuri Kingdom. Tripuri Kingdom was ruled by Hayahya rulers. In ancient epic of Mahabharata, one can find the reference of Tripuri State. Later it became part of Mauryan and the Gupta Empires. In 875 AD, Kalchuri conquered the Jabalpur region and made it their capital. At the same time Gonds were also ruling adjoining areas of Jabalpur. Today if we go by historical evidences showcased in Rani Durgavati Museum in Jabalpur city, we can notice that Gonds have strong presence in Jabalpur city area like Madan Mahal hills, Garha region where if we proceed about 5kms to 10kms towards Bhedaghat (west) we can notice the strong evidences of Kalchuri rule like in Tripur Sundari Temple, Yogini temples etc. Later Gonds increased their strength by acquiring more areas of Jabalpur and established their capital in Garha, Jabalpur. Here they made Garha fort, Madan Mahal fort etc. Upon reaching 16th century, Gond kingdom was in his golden time. During that time, Gond Kingdom was ruled by Sangram Shah, Dalpat Shah, Vir Narayan (virtually ruled by Rani Durgavati). After war with Mughal forces, gonds loosed their fame and strength due to which area came under Mughal domination. In this time most of the temples, statues of Hindu God & Goddess were dismantled & destroyed which is evident when we visit Chousat Yogini Temple in Bhedaghat. Later in 17th century, Marathas conquered this region and ruled for some time. In 1798 the Maratha Peshwa granted the Narmada valley region to the Bhonsle princes of Nagpur, who continued to hold the district upto 1818. Britisher occupied it in 1818 after defeating the Marathas and it became part of Central Province.

At the beginning of 19th century, under British India rule Jabalpur become commission headquarter of Nerbudda territories. It was pronounced & recorded as Jubbulpore. Even today while visiting Jabalpur Cantonment area, we can find the same name written in British era buildings. During British era, Jubbulpore became the capital of Saugor (now a days Sagar district) and Nerbudda Territories. At that time these territories become infamous for Thuggee murders. Thuggee murders were actually carried out by tribal notorious groups called Thugs who use to kill pilgrim groups, passing through this area, by strangling them to death using their turbans and other means. In order to suppress the thugee practice in Central India, a separate Anti-thuggee department was created, led by Col. Wiliam Henery Sleeman. He was among few Britishers who are still reminded by Indian for their good social services in India. He placed in Jubbulpore (Today's Jabalpur). By his hard & consistent efforts he manage to curb this problem. About 70 kms distance from Jabalpur, small town called Sleemanabad is on the name of such a great British officer. Sleeman wrote many books of history of Central India, rulers of Central India etc. In year 1861, Saugor and Nerbudda territories became part of Central Provinces. If you want to understand the history of Jabalpur city and would like to confirm about the British India rule in Jabalpur region, we recommend you to visit "Bilhari Cemetery", located near Bilhari town, in Jabalpur Cantonment area. It is a huge Christian graveyard in well maintained & well documented condition. On visiting this graveyard, you will realize about the great history of Jubbulpore Cantonment as here we can find very old graves of Britishers who were living here and died in this city. You will wil surprised to know that their are certain graves of Britishers, who died about 200 to 300 kms away from Jabalpur but finally burried in Jabalpur cantonment graveyard. This indicates towards the fact that during Central Province, Jabalpur was important city. Every grave has some story, indicating about the past of this region. In addition to this, "Jewish Cemetery" is also located in Jabalpur city which is almost hidden from rest of the world, even local peoples of city are unaware of it. It is the only Jews cemetery in whole Madhya Pradesh. In later years, Jabalpur has also seen freedom struggle, visit of Mahatma Gandhi, Lokmanya Tilak. Tripuri Congress Session was held here in year 1939. After independence, Jabalpur became part of newly created Madhya Pradesh state.

TOURISM

Since last one decade, Jabalpur has emerged as popular tourist destination. Wildlife tourism in Central India has gain international popularity. Here Taj Group of Hotels ventured in to safari lodges and opened 04 luxury safari lodges in Panna, Bandhavgarh, Kanha and Pench Tiger reserves. With the improvement in infrastructural facilities and better promotion of tourism in Madhya Pradesh, huge number of tourists visiting Central India every year. Among them Tiger Safari is a most famous tourism activity here. Fortunately, 05 most popular tiger reserves are in 250 kms radius of Jabalpur and is most suitable place to launch wildlife expedition to these tiger reserves. In addition to this Khajuraho & Pachmarhi are also easily accessible from Jabalpur. Usually tourists use Jabalpur as a base to launch their wildlife & leisure tours. More than this, Jabalpur itself has tourist attractions like Bhedaghat, Chousat Yogini temple, Marble Rocks, Dumna Nature Reserve, Bargi Dam, Rani Durgavati Museum, Madan Mahal Fort, Kachnar City 74 Feet High Shiva Statue etc. One or two days sightseeing can easily be done in Jabalpur city. To cater accommodation requirements, Jabalpur city have hotels of all categories for visitors of different budget level. During Evening hours, best thing to do is to visit Gaurighat to attend evening Narmada Arti, performed on Narmada river ghat at 7:30 PM. It is a sacred & photogenic activity, recommended by us. Let us check in short, what we can visit during Jabalpur stay.

  • Bhedaghat: It is a marble rock site, about 25 kms from Jabalpur city. Here holy Narmada (Nerbudda) river passes through marble rocks site in which we can visit through boatride. It is a beautiful photogenic place and highly recommended during city tour. Please note that boating remains closed on monsoon period i.e. July to September and night boating is not allowed thus visit in day time only.
  • Dhuandhar Fall: This place is in same area of Bhedaghat village. It is approx. 1 kms from boating site and known for a small waterfall on Narmada river. Here ropeway ride is available for tourists to cross the river, do overview photography and return back to point of origin. It is also a photogenic place. 
  • Chousat Yogini Temple: It is located in Bhedaghat area, in between Dhuandhar fall and boating site. It is a hill top temple of 9th to 10th century.
  • Gaurighat or Gwarighat: It is a Narmada river bank in Jabalpur city, popular for evening Narmada arti at around 19:30 hrs. It is an important event to witness and capture on your camera. In addition to this, we can visit this place in daytime also to enjoy a small boatride and do photography. Those who are interested in observing religious activities, may also visit this place. Due to its city location, it is easily accessible and can be visited at any time. From December to February, we can also see the Seagulls in this part, feeded by local people.
  • Madan Mahal Fort: It is a heritage site at rocky hill top in city area. It was developed by Gond ruler Madan Shah in 1116 AD. Under the rule of Gond dynasty in Central India, Jabalpur was one of the major power center. At present Madan Mahal fort is in ruined condition and often described as Rani Durgavati fort as she consolidated the structure. It is a small but enchanting garisson which is visible from all corners of city. During Gond rule, it was used as watch tower.
  • Balance Stone: It is located, close to Madan Mahal fort where two huge boulders are places with very narrow connection, bent on one side still it has not fallen, even after severe earthquake of year 1995. Its balance is due to its gravitational pull and this amazing balance is the main attraction to capture on your camera.
  • Madhiya Ji: It is an old Jain temples site on Madan Mahal hills. Original temple was dedicated to an old lady who first get the temple constructed from her own earning derived from grinding wheat to flour. As a mark of respect to her great work, this site was later developed as holy place with infrastructural development carried out by Jain community. Now this place has become a popular place to visit during Jabalpur city tour.
  • Bargi Dam: It is a Bargi dam backwater site, located approx. 35 kms from Jabalpur city. Dam was built on Narmada river. Here various boating options are available for tourists and tourism department hotel with restaurant is also situatued to cater the visitors requirements. It is a peaceful location, away from city life.
  • Rani Durgavati Samadhi: It is approx. 20 kms from Jabalpur city on route of Bargi dam site. It is a historic location where war took place between Gond forces and Moughal army in which Rani Durgavati gave her supreme sacrifice in battlefield. It is the place where she was cremated. 
  • Bilhari Cemetery: It is a Christian graveyard of British India period in which we can find more than 1000 graves of last 300 or more years old. Large number of graves are of British officers and their family members, who laid their life during stay in India. Whole ground is very well managed and documented thus decendents of their family often visit this place to give their regards to their fore-fathers.
  • Jewish Cemetery: It is cemetery dedicated for Jews people, living in India. It is located in city center in ignored way. It has around 26 graves in a walled plot which mostly remains locked. As Jews are now not in Jabalpur thus rarely visited by members of that community. It needs immediate maintainence work.
  • Buddhist Stupa: If you are interested in history of Jabalpur city then you should must visit buddhist stupa of Gopalpur village in Jabalpur. It is most ancient stupa in good condition, near Gopalpur village of Jabalpur district. This site is on the bank of Narmada river at some height thus need some walking and passing through multiple steps. Those you have problem in walking may find it challenging to reach the site.
  • Kachnar Temple: It is a temple site, dedicated to lord Shiva, located on north-east of Jabalpur city. It is basically a huge statue of lord Shiva, place in open with approx. height of 74 feets. It is open for visitors from morning to evening in all days.

BEST TIME TO VISIT

Here we are describing the best time to visit Jabalpur in terms of tourism. Jabalpur is in Madhya Pradesh State in Central India where winter prevails from November to February, summers from March to June and monsoon season from July to October. Jabalpur is mainly known as important arrival & departure point for wildlife and leisure tours. In Madhya Pradesh, all tiger reserves remain closed in monsoon i.e. from July to mid-October. During this time, tourist arrival is very low. Tourist arrival begins with opening of tiger reserves from October till June. During winters & beginning of summers i.e. from October to April, climate remains good and most of the inbound tourist visits this time and it is considered to be the best time to visit Jabalpur. With summers, domestic tourists visits more due to holidays in schools & colleges. Here festivals like Ganesh Mahotsav and Durga Puja are celebrated with high spirit. So if your interest is in cultural trip. then we recommend you to visit Jabalpur in September end or beginning of October month. Both the festivals are celebrated for 8-9 days  in a sequence thus you have plenty of time to fix your travel date during these festival time and take evening visit to Jabalpur city to understand how deeply these festivals are submersed into the life of local people.

PEOPLE & LIFE-STYLE

Jabalpur is counted among big and historical cities of Central India. Here in Jabalpur we can find people from all religions where Hindus are in majority. Mostly people are from nearby villages or cites who resides in Jabalpur for sake of job or business. Till last decade, military factories has major influence in economy of service sector employees in Jabalpur but now image in changing. Other business and service sector are registering their presence like Railways,Banks, Schools, Private factories, Private firms etc. People in majority are still deriving their earning from service sector and small fraction is in business sector. People from service sector are better educated than business sector people. Majority of business are still derived from agriculture sector. Here business sector is also old fashioned following old system and not very competitive. Here education level of local people is average and mostly have studied in Hindi medium schools due to which percentage of English speaking population is very less. Education facilities is limited and more dependent in private institutions due to which it is costly. Medical facilities for local people is also dependent on private sector and is very profitable business for entrepreneur and expensive for local people including nearby villagers. Although Government hospitals & even Medical college is their but are merged in red-tapism, corruption and ill-managed. By nature people in Jabalpur are submissive, religious and not much modernized. Social life of people is good and still follows their traditional values & culture. Celebrations of festivals is still enjoyed and celebrated with full traditional way which lacks in metro cities. Law & order system of city is good but agencies are not modernized, well equipped and lacks in will-power. Enforcement of laws & rules is very poor, level of corruption is even higher than metro cities and local voice against corruption is on low pitch. Here also politics & corruption have huge impact in government policies, plans, decisions and their implementation. Just like other small cities New generation of Jabalpur city is very optimistic, modernized and optimistic. Overall city is slowly expanding & moving towards modernization.

LOCATION

Jabalpur is located in the Mahakoshal region in the geographic center of India. In map, city is in central-east part of Madhya Pradesh state. It is one of the largest city in Madhya Pradesh. The location of Jabalpur is 23º10' North latitude and 79º59' East longitude. City is on the bank of holy Narmada river and surrounded by low-height rocky Vindhyan ranges. Being a important army base since British India, it is well connected by all means of transport i.e. by flight, train and road. It lies on Mumbai-Howrah rail track and India's largest National-Highway-7 passes through Jabalpur city. Its nearby popular cities are Bhopal(in west), Gwalior(in north), Nagpur(in south). Similarly it is surrounded by 5 popular tiger reserves and total 7 tourist attractions.

HOW TO REACH

By Air: Jabalpur is connected by flight from capital of India i.e. New Delhi. Here daily flight operates between Jabalpur - Delhi, Hyderabad-Delhi, Kolkata-Delhi, Mumbai-Delhi, Ahmedabad-Delhi. Being popular tourism hub, we can expect more better connectivity options in coming time. Let's check the distance chart of Jabalpur

 
Route Distance in Kms.
Jabalpur to Bandhavgarh 180
Jabalpur to Amarkantak 250
Jabalpur to Kanha National Park  190
Jabalpur to Pench National Park 210
Jabalpur to Pachmarhi 250
Jabalpur to Panna National Park 230
Jabalpur to Satpura National Park 250


By Train: Jabalpur is a major railway station in Central India for railways. Divisional Regional Manager office of Central Railways is here in this city. In addition to presence of important military establishment, railway connectivity of Jabalpur railway station is very good with rest of the cities and tourist destinations of India like Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Pune, Varanasi, Agra, Gwalior, Bhopal, Indore, Nagpur, Jammu, Raipur, Allahabad, Patna, Howarh, Guwahati, Jaipur etc. All important trains that pass through Jabalpur, stops here. It lies on Mumbai-Howrah rail track.
By Road: Jabalpur is well connected by road. National Highway-7 passes through Jabalpur that connects Varanasi to Kanyakumari. Nearby important cities connected to Jabalpur are Nagpur, Bhopal, Raipur, Khajuraho etc. By road, you can go to any place in India by road. It has direct bus connectivity with cities like Varanasi, Allahabad, Raipur, Bhopal, Chattarpur (for Khajuraho), Kanha National Park, Chindwara, Sagor etc.

CLIMATE & WEATHER

Jabalpur is among those places in Madhya Pradesh that never faces any water crises or drought situations. Due to presence of hilly terrains, Narmada river and cantonment area, city maintains natural greenery and availability of clean water that fulfills basic human need for better survival. During winters from November to February temperature remains from 5°C to 22°C. Usually fog do not occur in Jabalpur or its surrounding area. Summer begins from March to July beginning during which temperature ranges from 30°C to 45°C and heat waves flows in day time. Here May & June are the peak summer time when severe heat wave dominates most of the time and temperature remains more than 42 Deg.Cel. in whole day time. South-west monsoon arrives from Arabian sea and Indian ocean in till 15th July and received average to heavy rainfall till October. Due to Bargi Dam constructed on Narmada river, normally Jabalpur city don't face problem of flooding. Overall climate of Jabalpur and its surrounding places, climatic condition is good and fit for survival.

 
Months
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Minimum (°C)
05
12
18
24
31
29
26
25
22
21
18
10
Maximum(°C)
18
28
35
40
45
40
36
35
33
32
28
22

ACCOMMODATION

Their are number of accommodation facilities available in Jabalpur city for tourists and visitors. Here luxury hotels are limited but standard and budget hotels are many. Hotel Narmada Jacksons & Vijan Mahal are good & only options for luxury accommodation. Among standard hotels, hotel Kalchuri Residency, Hotel Rishi Regency, Satya Ashoka are the available options in city center. Mostly hotels are available in & around Russel Square of city which is a busy place for commercial activities. Among budget hotel, one can go for Hotel Sidharth, Hotel Samrat, Krishna hotel etc. Location-wise Kalchuri residency, Delite Palladium, Polo hotel, Narmada Jacksons are located in peaceful place and close to railway station & airport.

NEXT TO JABALPUR

Jabalpur is a good place to begin Madhya Pradesh tours. Its surrounding by some of the best tourist destinations of Central India. Jabalpur have 5 popular tiger reserves in radius of 250kms i.e. Satpura National Park, Pench Tiger Reserve, Kanha Tiger Reserve, Bandhavgarh National Park, Panna National Park. Apart from this, we can visit to other destinations like Pachmarhi, Khajuraho, Amarkantak, Chitrakoot etc.
MADHYA PRADESH DISTANCE CHARTS
Amarkantak Distance Chart Bandhavgarh Distance Chart Bhopal Distance Chart Gwalior Distance Chart Indore Distance Chart
Jabalpur Distance Chart Kanha National Park Distance Chart Khajuraho Distance Chart Madhya Pradesh Distance Chart Maheshwar Distance Chart
Mandu Distance Chart Orchha Distance Chart Pachmarhi Distance Chart Pench National Park Distance Chart Satpura National Park Distance Chart
Ujjain Distance Chart
RELATED LINKS
Agra Taxi Service Agra to Gwalior Taxi Bandhavgarh Taxi Service Bandhavgarh to Jabalpur Taxi Bandhavgarh to Kanha national park
Bandhavgarh to Khajuraho Taxi Bandhavgarh to Panna national park Bandhavgarh to Pench Taxi Bandhavgarh to Prayagraj Bandhavgarh to Satpura National Park
Bandhavgarh to Varanasi Bhopal Taxi Service Bhopal to Chanderi Taxi Bhopal to Orchha Bhopal to Satpura National Park
Bilaspur Car Rental Gondia Taxi Service Gondia to Kanha Taxi Gwalior Taxi Service Gwalior to Agra Taxi
Gwalior to Chanderi Gwalior to Khajuraho Taxi Gwalior to Orchha Taxi Gwalior to Panna National Park Taxi Indore Taxi Service
Indore to Aurangabad Taxi Indore to Bhopal Taxi Indore to Hanuwantiya Taxi Indore to Maheshwar Taxi Indore to Mandu Taxi
Indore to Omkareshwar Taxi Indore to Pachmarhi Taxi Indore to Satpura National Park Indore to Udaipur Taxi Indore to Ujjain Taxi
Indore to Vadodara Taxi Jabalpur Taxi Service Jabalpur to Amarkantak Taxi Jabalpur to Bandhavgarh Taxi Jabalpur to Kanha National Park Taxi
Jabalpur to Khajuraho Taxi Jabalpur to Panna National Park Taxi Jabalpur to Pench National Park Taxi Jhansi Car Rental Kanha National Park to Bandhavgarh
Kanha Taxi Service Kanha to Jabalpur Taxi Kanha to Nagpur Taxi Kanha to Raipur Taxi Katni Car Rental
Khajuraho Car Rental Khajuraho to Bandhavgarh taxi Khajuraho to Orchha Khajuraho to Varanasi Taxi Maheshwar Taxi Service
Mandu Taxi Service Mandu to Ujjain Taxi Nagpur taxi service Nagpur to Kanha National Park Nagpur to Pench National Park
Nagpur to Satpura National Park Nagpur to Tadoba national park Omkareshwar Car Rental Orchha Taxi Service Orchha to Chanderi Taxi
Orchha to Khajuraho Taxi Pachmarhi Car Rental Panna national park to Jabalpur Taxi Panna National Park to Prayagraj Taxi Panna Taxi Service
Panna to Bandhavgarh Taxi Panna to Gwalior taxi Pench Taxi Service Pench to Kanha Taxi Service Pench to Nagpur Taxi Service
Pench to Tadoba Taxi Service Raipur Taxi Service Raipur to Kanha National Park Satna Car Rental Satpura National Park Taxi Service
Satpura National Park to Pench Ujjain Taxi Service Umaria Car Rental Varanasi Car Rental

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