Madhya Pradesh is commonly abbreviated as M.P. in India local. Its name "Madhya Pradesh" means "Central Region" because is if located at Central of India in plains. Till year 2000, Madhya Pradesh was the largest state of India in area-wise but after creation of Chattisgarh state from Madhya Pradesh area, it become second largest state in area-wise and 6th largest state in population wise. Is is among few states of India who shares their state border with other states of India and not with any other country or coastal line. Its north-east border touches Uttar Pradesh state, north-west border touches Rajasthan, western border touches Gujarat, south-west border touches Maharashtra state and south-east border touches Chattisgarh.
The ancient Vedas record the marriage of king Dashrath of Uttar Kosal, father of Lord Rama of the epic Ramayana, with the princess of Dakshin kosal (a part of modern Madhya Pradesh). It is believed that the Lord Rama & Sita spent a major part of their 14 years exile in Chitrakoot located in the Dandaka forest area, north of the Vindhyas. Archeological explorations & excavations provide a glimpse of the ancient period from the earliest times to about the 13th century AD. The finds speak of a developed ancient civilization & reflect the glorious & chequered history of its rulers & warriors & a rich cultural past. Historically known as Malwa, Madhya Pradesh – the second largest cenrally located state in India is called the very heart of India.
The history of Madhya Pradesh goes back to the time of Ashoka, the great Mauryan ruler. Major portion of Central India formed part of the Gupta Empire (300-550 AD). In the first half of the seventh century it was part of domains of famous emperor Harsha. The close of tenth century was a period of confusion. In the early eleventh century the muslims entered central India, First Mahmud of Ghazni & then Mohammad Gori who incorporated certain parts with Sultanate of Delhi. It also formed part of Mughal empire with the rise of Maratha's. Till the death of Madhoji Scindia in 1794, Marathas ruled supreme in Central India, but after that independent & smaller states came into being. The disintegrated smaller states paved way for British suzerainty. Some great women rulers like Rani Ahilyabai Holkar of Indore, Gond queen Rani Kamla devi & Rani Durgawati have carved a nick for them in history. When India became independent in 1947, the British Indian province of Central Provinces and Berar formed Madhya Pradesh. Boundary changes followed; the state of Chhattisgarh was carved out of Madhya Pradesh.
After Independence, all the states signed the instruments of accession in to the Indian Union & on 28th May, 1948 a new state, Madhya Bharat came into existence with Indore & Gwalior as its capital. In the north, as the result of merger of 35 princely states of Bundelkhand & Baghelkhand, Vindhya Pradesh cane into being in April 1948 & in 1952, an elected ministry was formed with Rewa as its capital. In the North, as the result of merger of 35 princely of Bundelkhand & Baghelkhand, Vindhya Pradesh came into being in April 1948 & in 1952 an elected ministry was formed with Rewa as its capital. The state of Bhopal came into existence in June, 1949 & only in 1952 a popular ministry was formed. The state of Madhya Pradesh formed on 1st November 1956 was a conglomeration of Mahakosal, Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh, Bhopal state & Seronj sub division of the Kota District of Rajasthan. On 1st November 2001 Chhatisgarh was carved out of Madhya Pradesh. At present comprises of 45 district which are further subdivided into 264 tehsils & is the second largest state in India.
Madhya Pradesh, as its name implies, lies in the heart of India, whose topography ranges from plateau with the Vindhya & the Satpura mountain ranges, the plains in the east, meandering rivers, rocky hills & ravines to lush green forests. State offers all important pillars of Indian tourism like pilgrim tourism, wildlife tourism, heritage tourism, buddhism, adventure sports etc.
The state boasts of a wide variety of attractions to suit all tourist tastes, from ancient temples to national parks & sanctuaries, stupas, forts & palaces, a host of cultural & tourist festivals to splendid venues for international conference & conventions of global standards. The best known tourism products of Madhya Pradesh in global & national tourism market are its heritage & archeological sites, wildlife territories, pilgrimage centres, leisure & business centres & the rich classical, folk & tribal culture. The principal destinations are Khajuraho, Kanha, Sanchi, Mandu, Gwalior – Shivpuri, Pachmarhi, Bandhavgarh, Satpura National Park, Pench, Amarkantak, Ujjain, Omkareshwar, Bhedaghat, Orchha & Chitrakoot & the dynamic business centres of Bhopal & Indore. Madhya Pradesh State Tourism Development Corporation Ltd. (MPSTDC), a state government organization is the nodal agency responsible for development & promotion to attract tourists to this very heart of India.
The province of Madhya Pradesh is the milieu of fairs and festivals, which also becomes its style mantra. In other words, culture of Madhya Pradesh is nurtured due to exquisite festival celebrations. Apart from celebrating all other Indian festivals like Holi, Dusshera, the tribal festivals and fairs are also observed in full vigor and merrymaking. Revelry, drinks and alien amusement like cock fighting, dancing label these tribal festivals in Madhya Pradesh. `Kalidas Samaroh`, `Tansen Samaroh` and a dance fete in Khajuraho are celebrated, in great fiesta, with vast number of avid participants. Religious festivals too are observed with veneration. In West Nimar and Jabua regions of Mandhyanchal , a colorful festival called Bhagoria Haat is feted by the Bhils and Bhilalas tribes. It is a mass `swayamvara`, is held in vividness before Holi festival in the month of March.
The population of Madhya Pradesh is about 60.38 Millions (2001 census), an increase of 24.34% & the population density is 196 people per square kilometer. More than 75% of state population resides in villages whose main occupation is agriculture, while the rest of the population lives in towns. Indore district is the most populated one. Number of females per thousand male (sex ratio) in the state is 919 where as the literacy rate is 63.70%. The majority population is Hindu with Muslims making up the largest minority community.
The life style, culture & customs of this community mostly resemble the Hindu religion though they still strongly believe in orthodox traditions. Gond is the best known tribe & forms the largest group in Madhya Pradesh. Bhils, the second largest tribe are largely concentrated in the area around Jhabua, Khargone, Dhar & Ratlam. Baigas believe themselves to be descendants of Dravid & this backward tribe is found in Mandla, balaghat, Shahdol & Sidhi District. Bharia tribe has major concentration in Jabalpur & Chhindwara district of Madhya Pradesh.Korku tribal community is administered by the head of a panchayat (called Sarpanch) & they are found in Hoshangabad, Betul, Chhindwara, Harda & Khandwa districts of Madhya Pradesh. Santia is a tribe of Malwawho believe themselves to be originally a martial Rajput tribe. Lesser known tribe like Dhanuk, Panika, Saur still form an important group.
Hindi, the official language of Madhya Pradesh is the most widely spoken language. It is the predominant language of the official work. It is not very difficult for locals even in remote corners to understand Hindi. It is widely spoken by sizeable numbers engaged in the hospitality & service industry. One would see words of English & Hindi both used on signage, milestones, shop & office signboards. The language Marathi is also widespread. Malwi, Bundeli, bagheli, Nimari are the commonly spoken regional languages. The dialects like, Gondi, Bhilli is the most common spoken language among the tribal community of gond & Bhils respectively. Chhatisgarh is spoken by majority in the east & southeast region of the Madhya Pradesh.
Madhya Pradesh has a subtropical climate. Like most of north India it has a hot dry summer(April-June) followed by monsoon rains (July-September) and a cool and relatively dry winter. The average rainfall is about 1,370 mm (53.9 in). It decreases from east to west. The south-eastern districts have the heaviest rainfall, some places receiving as much as 2,150 mm (84.6 in), while the western and north-western districts receive 1,000 mm (39.4 in) or less.
Madhya Pradesh State is well linked through flight from major tourist destinations and cities of India like Delhi, Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, Hyderabad, Vishakhapattnam, Bangalore, Srinagar, Ahmedabad etc. Major airports in Madhya Pradesh state are located in Bhopal, Indore, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Khajuraho. Now with the introduction of air-taxi service in Madhya Pradesh, all these airports are well inter-connected which ensures swift easy movement with in state.
|From||Distance (in Kms)|
|Bhopal to Indore||200||Jabalpur to Khajuraho||280|
|Bhopal to Jabalpur||330||Jabalpur to Panna National Park||250|
|Bhopal to Gwalior||440||Jabalpur to Bandhavgarh National Park||160|
|Bhopal to Pachmarhi||220||Jabalpur to Amarkantak||250|
|Bhopal to Satpura National Park (Madhai / Bheemkund Gate)||150||Jabalpur to Kanha National Park (Khatia Gate/ Sarhi Gate)||150|
|Indore to Mandu||90||Jabalpur to Pench National Park (Touria Gate)||210|
|Indore to Ujjain||60||Khajuraho to Panna National Park (Madla Gate)||40|
|Indore to Maheshwar||90||Khajuraho to Orchha||180|
|Indore to Omkareshwar||90||Gwalior to Orchha||140|
|Indore to Gandhi Sagar||250||Gwalior to Agra||120|
Madhya Pradesh State border touches 5 state: Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Chattisgarh & Maharashtra. All these states are well linked from cities and towns of Madhya Pradesh by road. Some major National Highways like NH-7, NH-12A, NH-25, NH-26, NH-27, NH-69, NH-3, NH-92, NH-12 etc. passes through this state. Major tourist destinations close to Madhya Pradesh, linked by Road are: Agra, Jaipur, Varanasi, Tadoba National Park, Ranthambore, Raipur, Vishakhapattnam, Ajanta, Ellora, Ahmedabad, Udaipur, Chittorgarh, Mount Abu, Chambal Sanctuary, Lucknow etc.
As Madhya Pradesh state is part of Central India thus here we can experience all 3 seasons. Here we can experience monsoon season from mid of July to mid to October. Here rainfall is average to good. After monsoon season, we will experience winter season from November to February month. Peak winter period is from mid of December to January month. After winters, we will experience summer season in Madhya Pradesh. It starts from March till mid of July month. During this period, we will experience heat waves. Peak summer time is April to mid of July month when heat waves persist whole day and temperature remains around 40 Deg.Cel.
Being a important tourism region, Madhya Pradesh state is visited by tourist through out the year. Broadly we can divide Madhya Pradesh tourism in 3 parts. Heritage tourism is active in Northern part of state which is more rocky and destinations comes under this region are Gwalior, Shivpuri, Orchha, Khajuraho, Panna, Chanderi, Datia etc. All these destination offers major palaces, forts, temples, cenotaphs of state. Best time to visit this region is from October to April as during this time climate remain pleasant and good. Southern part, south-west region and some of the Northern region of Madhya Pradesh are rich in Wildlife which includes Tigers, Leopards, Sloth Bear, Hard-ground Barasingha, Indian Gaur, Wild Dog (Dholes) and at least more than 250 bird species.
One can have good accommodation facility through out Madhya Pradesh state weather you are in Jungles, heritage sites, pilgrim sites or in a hill station. It is the Madhya Pradesh State where all 04 luxury safari lodges of Taj Group is located with world class facilities. You can find 5-star category hotels in Gwalior, Indore, Bhopal cities.
As we have already specified that states Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra & Chattisgarh shares their state border with Madhya Pradesh so one can go to any of these states for tourism & holidays.
|Agra Car Rental||Agra to Gwalior Taxi||Aurangabad Car Rental|
|Bandhavgarh Car Rental||Bhopal Car Rental||Bilaspur Car Rental|
|Gondia Taxi Service||Gwalior Taxi Service||Gwalior to Agra Taxi|
|Gwalior to Khajuraho Taxi||Gwalior to Orchha Taxi||Indore Taxi Service|
|Indore to Aurangabad Taxi||Indore to Bhopal Taxi||Indore to Hanuwantiya Taxi|
|Indore to Maheshwar Taxi||Indore to Mandu Taxi||Indore to Omkareshwar Taxi|
|Indore to Pachmarhi Taxi||Indore to Udaipur Taxi||Indore to Ujjain Taxi|
|Indore to Vadodara Taxi||Jabalpur Taxi Service||Jabalpur to Amarkantak Taxi|
|Jabalpur to Bandhavgarh Taxi||Jabalpur to Kanha National Park Taxi||Jabalpur to Khajuraho Taxi|
|Jabalpur to Pench National Park Taxi||Jhansi Car Rental||Kanha Car Rental|
|Katni Car Rental||Khajuraho Car Rental||Maheshwar Car Rental|
|Mandu Car Rental||Nagpur Car Rental||Omkareshwar Car Rental|
|Orchha Car Rental||Pachmarhi Car Rental||Panna Taxi Service|
|Pench Taxi Service||Pench to Kanha Taxi Service||Pench to Nagpur Taxi Service|
|Pench to Tadoba Taxi Service||Raipur Car Rental||Ranthambore Taxi Service|
|Satna Car Rental||Satpura National Park Taxi Service||Ujjain Car Rental|
|Umaria Car Rental||Varanasi Car Rental|
|Adventure Destinations||Adventure Tourism||Amazing Facts|
|Best time to visit Madhya Pradesh||Fauna||How to reach Madhya Pradesh|
|Madhya Pradesh Climate & Weather||Madhya Pradesh Flora||Madhya Pradesh Geography|
|Madhya Pradesh History||Madhya Pradesh Location||Madhya Pradesh People|
|Madhya Pradesh Tourism||Madhya Pradesh tourist map||Madhya Pradesh Tribes|